© The Kyoto Costume Institute, photo by Takashi Hatakeyama
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c. 1865 - America
- Black wool felt jacket with jet buttons at front opening; black silk taffeta and jet at pockets; black braid at front opening, cuffs and hem; black silk faille skirt.
- Inventory Number(s)
- AC5510 1986-52, AC2929 1979-29-5C
An outfit comprising a tailored jacket and a crinoline skirt in which the skirt billows widely at the back, a look that was in vogue during the 1860s. The color black emphasizes the outfit’s sophisticated silhouette from which any excessive decoration has been eliminated. The influence of men’s clothing in the mannish style of the jacket and the choice of black was initially seen in women’s riding wear, but this influence extended to daywear in the latter half of the 19th Century, and went on to develop into the tailored suit. The jacket is decorated with the precious stone jet. Jet, a variant of zinc or coal, had been used for centuries in the West as decoration in a wide range of art and craft products. In the second half of the 19th Century, jet became most notable as a form of personal adornment in conjunction with the trend of wearing black, influenced in part by Queen Victoria\\\'s choice to continue wearing black long after the death of her husband, Prince Albert.In the late 19th century a Japan boom spread in the Western countries, partly through world expositions held in various places. Westerners favored Japanese kimonos, sometimes remaking it as into fashionable dresses. In the 1880s, women in the West started to wear kimonos as indoor wear, which was less subject to social constraints, and kimonos became widely popular in Western countries up until the early 20th century. The Japanese word "kimono" is said to have first been used in France in 1876. Now in America and Europe it is generally used to indicate a loose robe worn indoors.